Rome has been one of the world’s most visited cities for the past two millennia. In the Roman times, Rome was the centre and the most powerful city of Western Civilization, ruling all the Mediterranean, Northern Africa, England and parts of the Middle East.
Rome is the city with the most monuments in the World. Rome today is one of the most important tourist destinations of the world, due to the incalculable immensity of its archaeological and art treasures, as well as for the charm of its unique traditions, the beauty of its panoramic views, and the majesty of its magnificent “villas” (parks). Among the most significant resources: plenty of museums – (Capitoline Museums, the Vatican Museums, Galleria Borghese, and a great many others)—aqueducts, fountains, churches, palaces, historical buildings, the monuments and ruins of the Roman Forum, and the Catacombs. Rome’s two most popular tourist destinations are the Vatican Museums (with over 4.2 million tourists per year, making them the world’s 37th most visited destination) and the Colosseum (with around 4 million tourists a year, making it the world’s 39th most popular tourist destination). Other popular sites include St Peter’s Basilica, the Forum Romanum, the Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps, Via Condotti, Via Veneto, the Capitoline Museums, the Villa Borghese gardens, the Villa Giulia, Piazza Navona, the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, the Basilica of St. John Lateran, the Piazza del Popolo, the Castel Sant’Angelo, the Campo de’ Fiori, the Quirinal Palace, the Lateran Palace and the Palazzo Barberini, to name a few.